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"Just Another Expression of Christianity"?
Edited and expanded extracts from the book
by Dusty Peterson & Elizabeth McDonald,
Alpha - the Unofficial Guide: World, (2003), Part Two, Chapter 12
Roman Catholicism: Index of Articles
Is Rome Really "Just Another Expression of Christianity?"
Many folk today sweep away the Protestant Reformation and the pitiless murder of countless men and women who would not compromise their faith during it. Are they right to do this? Is Rome really 'just another denomination’? Is it really "just another expression of Christianity"? Or is it a false religious system which has persecuted true believers throughout the centuries and continues to do so in countries where it holds sway?
One Church of England minister has said:
This minister doesn’t say which denominations he considers started over “trivial” matters and which – if any – started over fundamental issues. But it does not take much for any historically uninformed person listening to him to assume that the Protestant ‘denominations’ divided from the Catholic ‘denomination’ over trivial issues – and that this was not a good thing. He continues:
Paul does indeed say that there is one body and one Spirit; but he also says that there is one Lord and one faith. If the teachings of Roman Catholicism were true to that one Lord and one faith, then it would be right to urge unity with the Roman Catholic Church. But Roman Catholicism never has been a part of the body of Christ and it never will be; it is teaching ‘another doctrine’ (1 Timothy 1:3) and ‘another gospel’ (Galatians 1:6,8), and far from urging unity with false teachers, as the quotes above so confidently - and so wrongly - assert, Paul commands the true body of Christ to separate from them (1 Corinthians 5:11; 6:9-10; 2 Corinthians 6:16-18).
The view that the division between Protestants and Catholics is “absolute nonsense” is, sadly, widespread. But the reason “people don’t care so much these days which denomination someone comes from” is simple: few people today know anything about church history – the Protestant Reformation being just one of the extremely important periods that is no longer properly taught in schools. Church leaders, however, have no such excuse. They have access to hundreds of tomes dealing with church history and cannot claim ignorance of the ongoing teachings of the Roman Church.
What does this minister think about the Reformation? What does he think of those brave Protestant men and women who were murdered by Rome for rejecting the abominations of the Mass, and Purgatory, and Mariolatry and sacerdotal mediation? What does he think of the countless faithful Christians who were put to death by the cruel Dominican Inquisition in the centuries leading up to the Reformation because they read the holy scriptures for themselves? What does he think about these Bible believers and so many others like them who have stood up against the evils of the mighty Roman Institution for the last 1700 years?
In fact, what about his own predecessors? The Church of England was founded by men of awesome faith and courage. For example, the deaths of Revs. Rogers, Saunders, Marsh, Cardmaker, Bradford, Bland, Frankesh, Samuel, Palmer, Hullier, Rough, and Yeoman were each an incredibly moving story of heroic courage and immense grace at the hands of their Catholic persecutors . How does he explain their deaths?
Who Are the "Bigots"?
This pastor brands as bigots those who believe that “their denomination is the only denomination that are true Christians”. However, as we discuss elsewhere, from their own official documents, if any group thinks “their denomination is the only denomination that are true Christians” it is the Roman Catholic ‘denomination’!
If we are still in any doubt as to who the ‘bigots’ are, here are some further telling statements from Rome. Please note that she always seems to refer to Protestants as being "separated" from her, rather than the two Churches being separated from one another. It follows that, for the Catholic Church, ecumenism is not a movement of Protestants and Catholics toward one another, as Protestants believe, but is seen as the ‘separated brethren’ reconciling themselves to the Roman Church.
Similarly, in Vatican II, ecumenism is nothing other than submission to Rome. Hence we read:
The Council of Trent vigorously and repeatedly denounced the Scriptural truths upheld by the Protestants of the 16th century. And while Vatican II may have put a different face on Rome; now addressing Protestants more subtly as ‘separated brethren’ rather than ‘heretics’, yet the message is the same. When Rome calls us “separated brethren” she means that, until we are back in her clutches, we are lost brethren, separated from God.
There is plenty of evidence to show that any ecumenical ‘movement’ is indeed “all one way”. Protestants who foolishly think they can work with Rome on social issues – however worthy those concerns may be – all too easily succumb to Rome’s false religious spirit. For example, one attendee at the large ecumenical conference in Indianapolis in August 1990 writes:
Even if someone thinks they know better than the Lord, and they imagine that associating with idolators would not be a snare to them, nevertheless just by working with Rome in this sort of way they are legitimizing her in the eyes of others .
Protestants need also to be aware that Rome's calls for world peace are not all they seem. Of course peace is a very attractive proposition, and as individuals we are promised true shalom (peace and harmony) with God if we accept His gospel and walk with Him (2 Thessalonians 1:7-8; 1 Peter 4:17-19). But God's Word does not promise either the world or the Church physical peace on earth. Far from it: "In the world ye shall have tribulation" (John 16:33). Satan however wants men to be at peace with him, using whom he will to that end. He is only too happy to promise temporal peace if it will lead people to join his false church .
But this false peace will be destroyed when the Lord Jesus returns:
While we are on the subject of social activism, it is – as always – worth checking what Scripture says, rather than assuming that God shares our traditional outlook on things. What does God’s Word say about a Christian’s primary social concern?
From the above it appears that we should be especially concerned for the temporal welfare of fellow believers. “But the Bible says ‘do good to all men’”! Of course we must desire the good of all, and seek to be a blessing to everyone whom the Lord introduces into our lives. We must do good, rather than evil, to those with whom the Lord brings us into contact. But let us not lose sight of the remainder of that verse:
Even if our own local church may have no great needs, our suffering brethren elsewhere in the world certainly do. In many regions they are persecuted and impoverished by the governments and people of pagan nations. Organizations like Voice of the Martyrs  regularly expose the attacks that bible-believers are experiencing in growing numbers of nations.
During the famine in Judea in Acts 11:28-30, the disciples in other regions seem to have actually been primarily concerned for the believers in the land . It is notable that the ‘Great Commission’ made no reference to social activism – only spiritual.
We are called actively to bless those unbelievers who live very close to us. This includes people who have committed themselves to us in a significant way (e.g. because they work for us, or rent property from us). But the point about the ‘good Samaritan’ (Luke 10:29-37) is not that everyone is our “neighbour”. For a start, the Samaritans were half-Jews who also lived in the land of Israel – i.e. they were related to, and identified themselves with, God’s People. The ‘good Samaritan’ was more eligible to be treated as a neighbour than the hypocritical ‘leaders’ of God’s People because he was good .
The emphasis on loving the brethren first and foremost is repeatedly given in Scripture: “Love the brotherhood. Fear God” (1 Peter 2:17). See also John 15:12-19; 1 Thessalonians 3:12 and all of 1 John 3. Christ reinforced this point in Matthew 25:34-40 (c.f. Matthew 12:48-50 and Joel 3:2). If we, the beloved, fervently love one another (as per 1 John 4:7-12; 1 Peter 1:22; and 2 John 1:5), then the result will be to draw unbelievers to Christ (John 13:34-35). This is what they most need.
We must be certain of God’s will for us over a given social situation before launching in, however good our intentions may be. Many Christians go on humanitarian aid trips that have negligible evangelistic content. Like anything else, active social help without the Lord’s specific direction is bound to do nothing but harm to the Kingdom.
For example, God sometimes brings distress upon nations so as to humble them and encourage them to cry out to Him – and find Him. If they have a man-made safety net, we may well not just be propping up ungodly regimes, but actually keeping people from seeking the Lord and being saved – see Acts 17:26-27. Man’s good intentions frequently get in the way of God’s higher purposes – as exemplified in Matthew 16:21-23. The proper way for a nation to be healed is given in 2 Chronicles 7:14.
Even when there is evangelistic preaching alongside our philanthropy, we must avoid the temptation to ‘bribe’ people into the Kingdom, as this is very unlikely to make true converts. Christ was loving toward the Samaritan woman, but He was more interested in giving her spiritual aid than physical. (Indeed, He requested physical aid from her.)
We need to be wise about the extremely impressive social works that some Catholics undertake; even devoting many years of their lives to very moving causes around the world. People are prepared to do amazing things when they believe that their very salvation – and not just the duration of their time in “Purgatory” – relies upon works. (The Pharisees too were zealous and tithed generously and went to huge lengths to make converts (Matthew 23:15). And members of other works-based religions (e.g. Mormons or JWs) can be similarly devout and selfless. This is not the test of a true believer.)
The question we should ask ourselves is whether these works are God-ordained or rather the result of man’s ideas – in which case they are not serving the Kingdom but are actually getting in the way of God’s true calling for the person doing them. In fact, ‘good works’ by Catholics end up promoting the heretical Roman Church and serving its long-term goal of deluding “all nations” (Revelation 18:23). None of those helped is actually taught the true gospel. Catholics are simply providing temporal balm before con-signing the person to eternal doom. Where is the ‘good’ in that?
The Jesuits are not history. They are alive and well and still determinedly carrying out the work they were originally formed to do. In fact, Pope Francis I, elected in March 2013 following the resignation of Benedict XVI, is a Jesuit - the first Jesuit Pope. The following information may be a little difficult to accept, but it is fact nonetheless, and can easily be confirmed if the reader wishes to do so:
The Catholic Renewal Movement and Ecumenism
Consider also this quote:
We must emphasize that we are not to be deceived into accepting any arguments in support of Rome, no matter how subtle or clever they are, if they do not line up with Scripture…
For example, as we noted here, many Protestants have been seduced by Catholic Charismaticism into believing that God is changing Rome and that we must likewise work with her. This deception has been fuelled by the dishonest way in which Rome’s charismatics spent the first 25 years of their movement hiding the fact that their ‘Holy’ Spirit leads them deeper into, rather than rescuing them out of, Rome’s heresies . Even then, clear statements were kept for Catholic audiences alone. Let us consider Tom Forrest. At the time he made the following speech he was already the head of the entire Catholic Charismatic Renewal movement:
The spirit behind the Jesuits, and behind the Catholic charismatic movement they guide, is a very different spirit from God’s.
We must beware of any group that acts as a stepping-stone to Rome, rather than as a force standing against it and for the truth.
We acknowledge that some of our readers will accuse this material of being ‘negative’, although the word doesn’t appear in Scripture. The fact is that, if dangers exist which threaten God’s beloved “little flock” then the ‘sheep’ need to be alerted to them. There is nothing negative about warning the People of God of hidden traps or wolves in sheep’s clothing or other dangers that could lead them away from the Good Shepherd. It is the damaging, deceptive teachings and practices we expose that are the truly negative things. We highlight false teachings. In truth, is it we or is it those promoting heresy who are the ‘negative’ ones?
If people insist that anything which alerts them to perilous teachings or dangerous movements is automatically negative, then God’s Word is frequently negative. Jeremiah, full of the Holy Ghost, was immensely ‘negative’, as were Hosea, Ezekiel, and many other prophets – despite the fact that they were inspired by God to write these highly ‘negative’ things. It was actually the compromised individuals among the people who foolishly rejected these prophets for being ‘negative’. We would suggest that the truly negative people are those who negate God’s Word.
The following is a quote from a speech given by Dr. Martyn Lloyd-Jones to fellow evangelicals in 1967 at Keele Conference:
The apostle Peter, whom the See of Rome erroneously believes to be the rock upon which the Catholic Church was built, wrote to his fellow believers to warn them of false teachers who would infiltrate the Christian faith:
In our article on the Reformation we quoted the brave and hopeful cry of Bishop Latimer to his fellow martyr, Bishop Ridley, as they prepared to face the flames rather than deny the Sovereign Lord Who bought them. Tragically, the candle they lit is indeed being snuffed out; trodden underfoot in the foolish ecumenical effort to bring the Protestant Church back under the yoke of Rome.
So, is ecumenism – unity with the Roman Catholic Church – in accord with the Word of God? Is God indeed breaking down the denominational barriers as a growing number of Protestants are assuring us He is? Should we sweep away the Protestant Reformation, as various ecumenical movements are trying to persuaded us to do? Should we shut our eyes and ears to the martyrs of the Reformation whom God used so mightily and fearlessly to break the awful shackles of that dreadful “synagogue of Satan”? Should we forget the deaths of thousands upon thousands of evangelical believers through the long dark centuries in the medieval period before the Reformation – and the deaths of millions in the centuries since? Should we shut up our hearts to the billion souls still in bondage to Rome’s heinous, perverse doctrines, looking the other way as they plummet into a lost eternity? How can we?
This misguided view of Rome is fostered in the media; but it shouldn’t be helped by the evangelical church! If one wants further proof that Rome is headed by the god of this world, one need only look at the press and other media and how they portray her.
Films often show the Catholic faith in a good light, or as harmless; almost every major cinematic reference to Roman Catholicism is affirmative . Where the reference is negative, the slur is almost always against ‘Christianity’ generally rather than against the Roman church specifically .
Television programming and news reporting is usually similarly biased . The BBC's coverage of the resignation of Benedict XVI in February 2013, for example, was at least as extensive as that for the retirement of Rowan Williams, Archbishop of Canterbury, just six weeks earlier; the reporter inaccurately declaring in hushed and reverential tones that the pope was "the leader of the universal church" . Even more obeisant was the extended BBC news coverage a month later when the new (Jesuit) pope, Francis I, was announced; reference was again made to him as the "leader of the universal church", as well as an "absolute monarch", and viewers were, again inaccurately, informed that the first pope was Peter whom Jesus said was the rock upon whom the church would be built" . Similarly, at the beginning of March, the first item on the BBC evening news informed viewers that due to illness the Queen would be cancelling all her engagements for the coming week; none of which was specified except her visit to Rome which was mentioned twice in the report . More generally, whenever some tragedy occurs, newscasters speak of those affected ‘praying for the dead’; the ‘Pope’ himself is invariably praised, regardless of what his institution has done; and Papal comments on a given piece of news are often given priority over any comments from a Protestant cleric – even in Protestant countries. Exceptions are very rare and really do ‘prove the rule’.
Likewise the press are often pro-Rome. Journalists seem to have a miraculously short, and very selective, memory when it comes to her behaviour. Rome's true history is frequently swept under the carpet . Horrendous abuses happening today (e.g. by priests against children) are often hushed up unless they become huge in number  (or, as is now happening, increasing numbers of victims are finding the courage to speak out making it impossible for the media to fail to address the issue). Even government cover-ups of such abuses (as have happened in Ireland) enjoy press acquiescence. Seldom the treatment meted out to Protestants!
Given the slant of the media, the world may have an excuse for being ignorant about Rome. Elders in our churches do not.
Like a chameleon, Rome changes her colour to blend into the surroundings, thereby fooling people into thinking she is something other than she really is. But she remains (self-confessedly) the same creature nonetheless. Rome actually insists that she is ‘semper eadem’ – i.e. ‘always the same’.
Rome herself admits she hasn’t changed and won’t change. We are not called to try to change her; it is many centuries too late for that, and anyway she was destined to be this way . We are not even to work with her. The reason Ezekiel did not know of the abominations taking place amongst the so-called believers in his day was that he rightly avoided mixing with apostates. We are to expose Rome’s filthiness just as the original Protestants did , and we are to try to rescue any to whom the Lord leads us who are still tangled therein:
We must not compromise the “most holy” faith. We are to have the mind of Christ and are to be joined together only with those of the same mind:
Over the centuries the Roman Catholic Church has proved that she is not of the same mind as the Lord Jesus Christ and His apostles. She cannot repent, she cannot be saved – and Scripture confirms this:
We have had to say some extremely tough things in this article. We encourage every reader to follow up on this material. We earnestly desire that readers be as informed as possible about this crucial matter and that they check what we say before rejecting (or indeed accepting) it.
Let us finish by completing the above quotation from Revelation 19, for it gives us a beautiful glimpse of the true Bride and her reward for her purity:
 Nicky Gumbel, The Alpha Course, Talk 14, Edn. 2.1 (italicized emphases in original).
 Gumbel, Alpha, Talk 9, Edn. 2.1.
 This is an interesting claim. Rome’s usual excuse for dealing so complacently with the abuse of children committed by her priests in the past is that these activities preceded the world’s awareness of the problem and its terrible consequences. But if Rome has “all of God’s revealed truth” then she should have known these things long ago – and would certainly have been aware that the problem could not be solved simply by moving the priest elsewhere.
 The phrase “the means of grace” is a euphemism for ‘good works which earn grace’ – yet the whole point about grace is that it is undeserved and cannot be earned.
 Cardinal Basil Hume, Towards A Civilisation Of Love, quoted in Michael de Semlyen, Was The Reformation A Mistake? (audio tape, Spirit of ’88).
 Aristide Brunello, Professor in the Superior Institute of Ecumenical Theology, Quoted in William Standridge, What's Happening in the Roman Church? A Report from Rome, (Independent Faith Mission, 1975), p24.
 A Catechism of Christian Doctrine, (Catholic Truth Society, imprimatur, 1971), p17. For several more such quotes from Roman Popes and other officials, see Cathy Burns, Billy Graham and His Friends, (Sharing, 2001), pp444-7.
http://www.vatican.va/archive/ccc_css/archive/catechism/p123a9p3.htm, para. 870.
 Catholic Catechism, http://www.vatican.va/archive/ccc_css/archive/catechism/p123a9p3.htm, para. 869.
 Walter M. Abbott, S.J., Ed., The Documents of Vatican II, (Geoffrey Chapman, 1966), Ecumenism, point 3, p346. (Note that Abbott was a Jesuit.)
 Abbott, Documents, point 4, p347.
‘Father’ Michael Scanlan is another leader within the
Catholic Charismatic movement.
 David Cloud, Charismatic Confusion in Evangelism, http://www.wayoflife.org/database/charismaticevangelism.html, as at 16 March 2013.
 Note that, with regard to abortion, it must be recognized that Rome’s only reason for opposing it (as with all forms of artificial contraception) is to increase the size – and hence income and influence – of the Roman Church. An added benefit for Rome is that its stand against abortion deceives true believers into thinking Rome actually cares about unborn life; but even a cursory glance through Foxe or Avro Manhattan proves that not to be so. Pregnant Protestant women in Ireland and elsewhere have been murdered in the name of Rome along with their unborn children. All too reminiscent of 2 Kings 8:12 and Amos 1:13.
 Rome is the main instrument in the enemy’s hands here. Outwardly she promotes peace between governments, nations, and religions, while behind the scenes her Jesuits and their minions foment discord and aggression so that a war–weary world will gladly accept a false peace. See, for example, The Secret History of the Jesuits by Edmond Paris on our Recommended Reading page for details of this aspect of Jesuit activity.
 Other groups who have served the persecuted church over the years include ‘Open Doors’, ‘The Barnabus Fund’ and ‘Release International’. They have published very valuable information over the years, although recently compromises appear to be creeping in to one or two of these groups.
 When Scripture refers to giving materially to “the poor” in the Old Testament, it always referred to the poor living in the land of Israel (Deuteronomy 15:7-11; Exodus 23:11; Psalm 72:1-4, 132:13-15; Isaiah 3:14-15, 10:2 etc). Today this means the People of God and those who identify themselves very closely with them. This puts a very different complexion on New Testament references to helping “the poor”. A fine example of this principle appears in Romans 15:26. Likewise, the word “strangers” in this context is an Old Testament reference to Gentiles who identified with, and lived alongside, Israel (e.g. see Deuteronomy 31:11), thus a New Testament verse calling us to bless “strangers” primarily refers to those who identify with God’s People. It is worth noting that God never commanded Israel to go on humanitarian missions outside her borders.
 The more accurate term for this Samaritan is ‘compassionate’ – see v33.
 Edward Sheridan Purcell, Life of Cardinal Manning, quoted in Michael de Semlyen, All Roads Lead To Rome? The Ecumenical Movement, (Dorchester House Publications, 1993), pp137-138. (It may be instructive to note at this point that the great majority of European nations now making up the European Union, were – and still are – Catholic. Hence the design of the EU flag: 12 five-pointed stars on a blue background – a Catholic emblem which refers to ‘Mary’. Indeed, the very name “Europa” is a moniker of the Babylonian goddess that Rome calls “Mary”. See The Principality And Power Of Europe by Adrian Hilton on our Recommended Reading page for the integral spiritual and political relationship between the Vatican and the European Union).
 Catholic Research Information Bureau, quoted in de Semlyen, All Roads? p138. In Napoleon’s Memoirs, he wrote: “The Jesuits are a military organization, not a religious order … and the aim of this organization is: POWER. Power in its most despotic exercise … Jesuitism is the most absolute of despotisms: and at the same time the greatest and most enormous of abuses” [Fifty Years in the Church of Rome, as quoted in Eric Jon Phelps, Vatican Assassins, (Halcyon Unified Services, 2000),].
 de Semlyen, All Roads?, p135.
 This has even been admitted (albeit with a degree of understatement) by Michael Harper, a supporter of the Catholic Charismatic movement. He has written “The Charismatic Renewal does not have a particularly good track record when it comes to concern for truth … it has tended … to ignore truth … and side-track many of the big issues” [Charismatic Crisis, 1980, as quoted in de Semlyen, All Roads?, pp26-27].
 Tom Forrest, Saturday morning training session for Roman Catholics at Indianapolis ’90, as quoted in de Semlyen, All Roads?., pp28-29.
 Catholic Research Information Bureau, quoted in de Semlyen, All Roads?, pp138-139.
 Dave Hunt, Global Peace And The Rise Of Antichrist, (Harvest House Publishers, 1990), p153.
 Martin Lloyd-Jones, quoted in Michael de Semylen, Ecumenism: Where is it Leading Us? Unity, Peace and Rome, (Dorchester House Publications, 1989), p48.
 J.C. Ryle, Warnings to the Churches, (The Banner of Truth Trust, 1967), p128.
 de Semylen, Ecumenism, pp57& 59.
 Mike Gendron (ex-Roman Catholic), Let No One Deceive You with Ecumenical Evangelism, in Adullam News, June 1999, p7.
The film The Cardinal was a particularly brazen
promotion of Rome’s dogmas through mainstream cinema.
 When the scale of a Romish wickedness is simply too great for the media to be able to keep quiet about it, the Catholic faith of those involved is downplayed. The perpetrators are usually simply called ‘Christians’ and so the Lord and His true Church are brought into disrepute. (See the book Smokescreens by Jack Chick on our Recommended Reading page for more examples and insights on the media’s relationship to Rome.)
 TV programmes biasedly draw much more attention to Protestant mistreatment of Catholics than the other way around – and invariably play down the context behind it.
 BBC1, 6pm News Programme, 17 February 2013.
 BBC1, 6pm News Programme; BBC2, 7pm BBC News Special; BBC 24 hour News Channel, 13 March 2013.
 BBC1, 6pm News Programme, 3 March 2013.
 A representative example of media bias towards Babylonianism and against Protestantism, picked completely at random, is the October 2002 issue of the BBC’s History Magazine. This publication supposedly seeks to “maintain the high journalistic standards traditionally associated with the BBC” [p5]. Their summer debate was hosted by a Catholic [p6]; an enormous article praises monasticism [pp12-15]; the huge cover article pleads for the preservation of Babylonian shrines and temples and statues of female “divinities” etc in Cambodia which Catholic France tried to restore in the 19th century [pp22-26]; another long article whitewashes the true composition, and truly unspeakable acts, of the Catholic Ustashi in WWII, and the behaviour of Pius XII who allowed Hitler to operate unhindered [pp42-45]; and yet another article hides the dreadful truth about Rome’s Opus Dei organization [p45]. A book is promoted which teaches that “the ‘Chosen People’ were the Egyptians” rather than Israel, and that Moses was not a Hebrew [p1]; there is a special offer organized by the BBC to visit an exhibition of idolatrous pagan art [p66]; and almost every page conceals Rome’s dark and foundational hand behind the topic in question (e.g. the slavery in the Southern states of the U.S. [pp11,33], Tyndale’s martyrdom [p10], Elizabeth I’s difficulties [pp58,60] and the English Civil War [p60]). The ‘balance’ is provided by a solitary review of a TV show about Luther [p67]. Even here Rome is called “the church” and Luther’s work is described as defining “the limits of papal power” rather than rejecting the papacy wholesale. According to this magazine “What history shows us is that believers’ actions are not dictated by eternal faith or static scriptures…” [p8]. But what the BBC History Magazine shows us is that media actions today are dictated by Rome.
 Jeremy Paxman is a famously hard-hitting UK television journalist, yet his interview with Cormack Murphy O’Connor, on a 2003 Newsnight programme regarding priestly abuse of children, was a laughably gentle and fawning piece of work.
 Standridge, What's Happening?, p7.
 de Semlyen, Ecumenism, pp16-17.
 Some folks imagine that Romanists like the late Basilea Schlink (who made statements which appeared to indicate she was a genuine follower of Christ trying to help Rome to change direction from within) prove that Rome produces some real believers and is not beyond hope. They are being fooled. Schlink, and her organization (the ‘Evangelical Sisters of Mary’), have been shown – by two ex-members – to be a deliberate deception for this very purpose [Marianne Jansson & Riitta Lemmetyinen, Wenn Mauern Fallen…, (Christliche Literatur-Verbreitung, 1997).]
 It is so vital to learn from history, else we consign the church to making the same mistakes over and over. Because the spirit world exists, history does indeed repeat itself. We can learn much from past errors made by believers – not least from the accounts in Scripture.