That 'New Balfour Declaration'
(23 April 2014)
"The forgotten 'New Balfour
Declaration', that earmarked [British Guiana] that crown colony as an
alternative to the Jewish National Home in this country, is particularly
relevant on the eve of Holocaust Remembrance Day. It encapsulated all
the 'goodwill' that the family of nations could once muster toward the
beleaguered Jewish people. Things are still no better..."
How Britain Took Away the Jewish Homeland
(28 June 2012)
"The Balfour [Declaration] had established the Jewish Homeland
perimeters which was coming about at the end of World War I. Chaim
Weizmann had helped the British win the war by his invention in organic
chemistry by fermenting acetone-butyl, used in bombs. Without it, they
most likely would have lost..."
Lessons From the Floating Coffin
"Exactly 70 years ago - on February
24, 1942 - 19-year-old David Stoliar terrifyingly clung to bobbing
debris in the Black Sea. At first he heard screams in the frigid waters
but the voices died down. It eventually emerged that Stoliar was the
sole survivor of the Struma, an un-seaworthy vessel chuck-full of
frantic Jewish refugees..."
WW2 Britain Blew Up Jewish Refugee Ships
(19 September 2010)
"As Jewish survivors of the Holocaust, the pitiful remnants of
History's greatest crime, tried to make their way across an often
hostile Europe at the end of the Second World War toward at least a
semblance of safety in the Holy Land, they had no shortage of problems
with which to contend, ... Now we discover that they faced yet another
peril in the shape of bombs planted on their transport ships by
Britain's Secret Intelligence Service, better known as MI6..."
The British Record on Partition April 1948
"In the spring of 1948, as the fate
of Palestine was being decided on the roads and hills, and the question
of Palestine was debated in the United Nations, The Nation
magazine prepared an extensive report concerning the role of the British
in the events following the Palestine partition resolution, which was
submitted to the United Nations General assembly together with very
detailed documentary proof, consisting of secret British correspondence
The Story of the S/S Patria
"World War Two ravaged Europe and the
Holocaust was starting to give new dimensions to atrocities ... The S/S
(steam ship) Patria was moored in the Harbor of Haifa, Palestine, now
Israel. On board were approximately 1500 passengers awaiting planned
deportation - at least that was the plan the Mandate government of
Palestine, which was the British Empire, had in mind for the people on
board that ship..."
Exodus 1947: Illegal Immigration Ship
"The ship Exodus 1947 became a symbol of Aliya Bet -
illegal immigration. After World War II, illegal immigration increased
and the British authorities decided to stop it by sending the ships back
to the ports of embarkation in Europe..."
Struma Dec 1941 - Feb 1942: Illegal Immigration
Ship (No Date)
"On December, 1941, the Struma sailed from Constanza in
Rumania with 769 immigrants aboard. ... The objective was to anchor in
Turkey, and from there to await certificates for Palestine. The small,
unseaworthy ship sailed for three days, just making it to Istanbul
before the engine died..."
Immigration to Israel: British Restrictions on
Jewish Immigration to Palestine
"Herbert Samuel, a British Jew who served as the first High
Commissioner of Palestine, placed restrictions on Jewish immigration 'in
the "interests of the present population" and the "absorption capacity"
of the country.' The influx of Jewish settlers was said to be
forcing the Arab fellahin (native peasants) from their land. This was at
a time when less than a million people lived in an area that now
supports more than six million..."
British Palestine Mandate: Text of the Mandate
(24 July 1922)
"Whereas the Principle Allied Powers have
agreed, for the purpose of giving effect to the provisions of Articles
22 of the Covenant of the League of Nations, to entrust to a Mandatory
selected by the said Powers the administration of the territory of
Palestine, which formerly belonged to the Turkish Empire, within such
boundaries as my be fixed by them:..."
Balfour Declaration: Text of the Declaration
(02 November 1917)
"The British government decided to endorse
the establishment of a Jewish home in Palestine. After discussions
within the cabinet and consultations with Jewish leaders, the decision
was made public in a letter from British Foreign Secretary Lord Arthur
James Balfour to Lord Rothschild. The contents of the letter became
known as the Balfour Declaration..."
Britain, Haj Husseini and the Arab Riots of 1920
"The British administration did not
just wait on events to foster implementation [of] their policy of
increased British control in the Middle East. They worked hard,
simultaneously on a second front, in Syria, against the French. In July
1919, a 'Syrian National Congress' demanded the unity of Syria (that is,
to include Palestine) and the installation of Faisal as king. The French
expressed a fear that this sudden materialisation from nowhere of a
Syrian national movement and the reversal of popular feeling against the
Sherifians was the result of a British intrigue..."
Balfour Declaration: Commentary of the Declaration
"On November 2, 1917, Britain issued the Balfour Declaration ...
The Mandate for Palestine's purpose was to put into effect the Balfour
Declaration. It specifically referred to 'the historical connections of
the Jewish people with Palestine' and to the moral validity of
'reconstituting their National Home in that country'. The term 'reconstituting'
shows recognition of the fact that Palestine had been the Jews' home.
Furthermore, the British were instructed to 'use their best endeavours
to facilitate' Jewish immigration, to encourage settlement on the land
and to 'secure' the Jewish National Home. The word 'Arab' does not
appear in the Mandatory award. The Mandate was formalized by the 52
governments at the League of Nations on July 24, 1922."
The British Mandate
"The British Mandate included the landmass on the West bank of
the Jordan River all the way to the Mediterranean Sea, as well as the
landmass on the East Bank of the Jordan River, ... The British called
this whole huge area 'Palestine'..."
British Palestine Mandate: History & Overview
"The Mandate system was instituted by the League of Nations in
the early 20th century to administer non-self-governing territories. The
mandatory power, appointed by an international body, was to consider the
mandated territory a temporary trust and to see to the well-being and
advancement of its population. In July 1922, the League of Nations
entrusted Great Britain with the Mandate for Palestine. Recognizing 'the
historical connection of the Jewish people with Palestine', Great
Britain was called upon to facilitate the establishment of a Jewish
national home in Palestine-Eretz Israel (Land of Israel)..."
See also some
of the articles in the section
The Massacres of Jews in the 1920s and 1930s, especially
See also some of the articles in the
World War II and the Holocaust, especially
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© Elizabeth McDonald